"The Eichmann Trial and American Jewry: A Reassessment", Françoise S. Ouzan in. (I might note that the anti Israel crank talking point of "It was called Palestine before 1948!!!" Spencer C. Tucker, Priscilla Mary Roberts (eds.). The Sephardic Exodus to the Ottoman Empire. 1100–1500", "The Expulsion of the Jews from France, 1182 CE", 'Jewish immigration to Palestine in the long 1920s: An exploratory examination,', The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited, "This Day in Jewish History 1940: Italy Bombs Tel Aviv During WWII", "When Palestinian Arabs and Jews fought the Nazis side by side", "Jews in North Africa: Oppression and Resistance", "Unrra Polls Displaced Jews on Emigration Plans; First Vote Shows Palestine is Favored", "Survivors of the Holocaust – Educational Materials – Education & E-Learning", "The Population of Palestine Prior to 1948", "A debt the British paid – and one they didn't – Features – Jerusalem Post", "Cracow, Poland, Postwar, Yosef Hillpshtein and his friends of the Bericha movement", UNITED NATIONS: General Assembly: A/364 3 September 1947: Chapter I: The Origin and Activities of UNSCOP: A. When did the War of 1948 end? Then the man said, “Your name will no longer be Jacob, but Israel,[f] because you have struggled with God and with humans and have overcome.” The name Israel was thereafter identified with the Tribes and Kingdom of Israel which Jacob’s descendants founded, and came to be synonymous with Judah, before eventually being replaced by it. It has a rich history in terms of name, establishment as a state, subjugation under foreign powers, and eventual independence. is completely pointless because a) No pro Israel person denies the land was called that (so, in other words, they are not being "clever" for pointing that out) b) It wasn't an independent state then and c) It isn't an independent state now.) Such questions often come up when talking about the conflict that has gripped the area for generations. You might also like Israel’s War of Independence. Mehmet Tezcan, Astiye Bayindir, 'Aristocratic Women and their Relationship to Nestorianism in the 13th century Chingizid Empire,' in Li Tang, Dietmar W. Winkler (eds. The Ottoman Empire (Turkey) had occupied Israel, then called Palestine, for over 400 years. It was the time when the Jewish settlements of Galilee were destroyed by the Druze: Tiberias was completely desolate and only a few of former Safed residents had returned....", Barbara Tuchman, Bible and Sword: How the British came to Palestine, Macmillan 1956, chapter 9, Barbara Tuchman, Bible and Sword: How the British came to Palestine, Macmillan 1956, page 194-5, The Roots of Separatism in Palestine: British Economic Policy, 1920–1929 by BJ Smith 1992, Social and Political History of the Jews in Poland, 1919–1939 By Joseph Marcus, Mouton 1983, pg 366, Benny Morris, One state, two states:resolving the Israel/Palestine conflict, 2009, p. 66, Between National Socialism and Soviet Communism: Displaced Persons in Postwar Germany by Anna Holian Michigan 2011 pp 181–2. Top Answer. That situation would continue until World War 1. In Arabic it was officially called “Falastin”, and in Hebrew it was officially called “Palestina (E.Y)”. In a way, one could surmise that The Ottoman Empire at the height of its powers killed Israel. Instead, the general feeling of The Balfour Declaration was that it remains Palestine. the disaster. The 1948 (or First) Arab–Israeli War was the second and final stage of the 1947–49 Palestine war.It formally began following the end of the British Mandate for Palestine at midnight on 14 May 1948; the Israeli Declaration of Independence had been issued earlier that day, and a military coalition of Arab states entered the territory of British Palestine in the morning of 15 May. When did the War of 1948 end? 11: United Nations Special Committee on Palestine: Report to the General Assembly Volume 1: Lake Success, New York 1947: Retrieved 30 May 2012, "Background Paper No. They were part of the Ottoman empire until near … After their defeat their areas, outside Turkey were distributed amongst the Victors - France & UK. However, history also indicates that the nation never remained intact throughout its existence. In answering this question, one has to talk about the names by which the two countries went prior to the present day predicament. What do Arabs call the War of 1948? Before the Israeli Declaration of Independence in 1948, the land was the British Mandate of Palestine. The Arab League members Egypt, Transjordan, Syria, Lebanon and Iraq refused to accept the UN partition plan and proclaimed the right of self-determination for the Arabs across the whole of Palestine. As history books show from the biblical days, it has gone through a full cycle of names. Lee Hoffmann. It was originally called Canaan. Before 1917, it was a colony of the Ottoman Empire. Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Iraq, and Syria invaded Israel to help the Palestinians. By David Martin Gitlitz, University of New Mexico 2002, pp 75 - 81, The Jews of Spain by Jane Gerber, Free Press 1994 pp 142 - 144. Then it became the Kingdoms of Israel and Judea. Presided over by David Ben-Gurion, who would become Israel's first prime minister, the small group decided that a Jewish state would be declared independent on the day the British left. The majority of biblical archeologists translate a set of hieroglyphs as "Israel," the first instance of the name in the record. "Who owns the Shebaa Farms? After the year 70, the Romans renamed it Palestine after the Philistines. Part I paragraph 2 UN resolution 181(II), Green Line: the name given to the 1949 Armistice lines that constituted the de facto borders of pre-1967 Israel —, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFMorris2004 (, The melting pot in Israel: the commission of inquiry concerning education in the early years of the state by Tzvi Tzameret, Albany 2002 chapter 7, "Israel's Military Aid to Africa, 1960–66", Abel Jacob in. 5 6 7. The Arab states marched their forces into what had, until the previous day, been the British Mandate for Palestine, starting the first Arab–Israeli War February 1949. Israel History. The Chosen Few: How education shaped Jewish History, Botticini and Eckstein, Princeton 2012, page 71 and chapters 4 and 5, The Chosen Few: How education shaped Jewish History, Botticini and Eckstein, Princeton 2012, page 116, Settlement and History in Hellenistic, Roman, and Byzantine Galilee: An Archaeological Survey of the Eastern Galilee in Journal for the Study of the Historical Jesus, Author: James Charlesworth, Volume 8, issue 3 2010 pp 281 -284, History of the Jews, Volume II by Simon Dubnow (Barnes 1968), chapter 4 the Patriarchate in the Galillee (pages 96 - 117), The Darkening Age: The Christian Destruction of the Classical World by Catherine Nixey 2018, History of the Byzantine Jews: A Microcosmos in the Thousand Year Empire By Elli Kohen, University Press of America 2007, Chapter 5, Archaeology Versus Written Sources: the Case of the Persian Conquest of Jerusalem in 614 by Yuri Stoyanov in ACTA MUSEI VARNAENSIS VIII-1 pg 351 - 358, The Persian Conquest of Jerusalem (614 c.e. Ottoman Rule in Palestine begins; Palestine was part of the Ottoman Empire through 1917. A Concise History of the Jewish People By Naomi E. Pasachoff, Robert J. Littman 1995 (2005 Roman and Littleford edition), page 67. Declaration of independence and international recognition: . The word ‘ever’ indicates - since the beginning of time. Since the renaming in 1948, Israel has suffered plenty of wars with its neighbors, especially the Arab states. Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Iraq, and Syria invaded Israel to help the Palestinians. The History of Israel - A Chronological Presentation. After the year 70, the Romans renamed it Palestine after the Philistines. It was officially called “Palestine” in English. Which is the oldest nation between Israel and Palestine? The British Mandate of Palestine and Transjordan (80% of Palestine was given to the Hashemite Arabs as a reward for their help in WW-I prior to its further partisan by the UN in 1948). Following the defeat of the Ottomans in WWI, the British gained control of the whole of Palestine, which included the areas that comprise the modern states of Jordan, Israel, and parts of Lebanon and Syria. Israel won the war in 1948. Relevance. Project of The St. Louis Instead of War Coalition. In this article, the focus was on the name it was known by before 1948 following The Balfour Declaration. Without a doubt, Israel has been called many nations throughout its history. On May 14, 1948, in Tel Aviv, Jewish Agency Chairman David Ben-Gurion proclaims the State of Israel, establishing the first Jewish state in 2,000 years. On May 14, 1948, in Tel Aviv, Jewish Agency Chairman David Ben-Gurion proclaims the State of Israel, establishing the first Jewish state in 2,000 years. It was called British Mandate of Palestine or simply Palestine. 8 Answers. During the early 20th century, a period when the ossifying Ottoman Empire was still dominant, Jewish immigration and land purchases were increasingly changing a seemingly forgotten place. is completely pointless because a) No pro Israel person denies the land was called that (so, in other words, they are not being "clever" for pointing that out) b) It wasn't an independent state then and c) It isn't an independent state now.) "Diocaesarea" in The Catholic Encyclopedia. Part of TransJordan, called Palestine (Falasteena in local lingo). Without a doubt, Israel has been called many nations throughout its history. Consequently, it didn’t exist as a nation. Israel before 1948 Israel's earliest modern history as a nation begins in 1914 when the Ottoman Empire became part of the Central Powers in the Great War (World War I), and became allied to the German, Austrian, Hungarian, Bulgarian, and Italian forces. 3 (1955), pp. What are today Israel, the West Bank, the Gaza strip, and part of Jordan were called Palestine. )—An Archaeological Assessment by Gideon Avni in Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research No. Disengagement from Gaza, History of ancient Israel and Judah as well as modern Israel, These audio files were created from a revision of this article dated 30 March 2008, Babylonian, Persian, and Hellenistic periods (586–37 BCE), Illegal Jewish immigration and insurgency, "The Chosen Few: How Education Shaped Jewish History, 70–1492", by Botticini and Eckstein, Chapter 1, especially page 17, Princeton 2012. However, the creation of the Jewish state caused plenty of friction with the Arab countries around it. They were part of the Ottoman empire until near the end of World War One, and were then occupied by Britain until 1948. Feisal Ibn-Hussein, a son of the emir of Mecca, and the Zionist leader, Chaim Weizmann, tried to work out a plan to realize the national aspirations of both Jews and Arabs. What country controlled the land before that? As shown above, its name was Palestine. Answer Save. They lived in Syria. The entire region was called Israel up until the year 70 CE. Over the years, its name has changed depending on numerous circumstances. Answer #1 | 22/04 2016 06:06 THE LAND OF ISRAEL Positive: 81.25 %. Kaufman, Asher (Autumn 2002). Jewish exodus from Arab and Muslim countries, Persecution of pagans in the late Roman Empire, Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire, Eastern Orthodox Patriarchate of Jerusalem, Abraham tried to sacrifice his son, Isaac, Abraham tried to sacrifice his son, Ishmael, A poll tax was imposed on all non-Muslims, History of the Jews in the Ottoman Empire, History of the Jews in the Land of Israel, Demographic history of Palestine (region), entire population, including Muslims, of both Jaffa and Tel Aviv was subject to an expulsion order in April 1917, Italian bombing of Mandatory Palestine in World War II, United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine, United Nations Special Committee on Palestine, purchase important arms in Eastern Europe, United Nations Security Council Resolution 50, Egyptian troops had tested chemical weapons, Egyptian intervention in support of rebels, United Nations Security Council Resolution 425, Agreement on Preparatory Transfer of Powers and Responsibilities, assassinated Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, List of Israeli civilian casualties in the Second Intifada, claimed the Holocaust was a Jewish conspiracy, direct negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians, largest social protest in the history of Israel, military conscription for ultra-Orthodox Jews in Israel, transferred the bodies of 91 Palestinian suicide bombers and other militants, United States recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, United States recognition of the Golan Heights as part of Israel, History of the Jews and Judaism in the Land of Israel, List of Jewish leaders in the Land of Israel, Postage stamps and postal history of Israel, "Declaration of Establishment of State of Israel", Israel – A Social Report 2020: The Public Interest Needs to Return to Center Stage, "The Age of 'Ubeidiya Formation (Jordan Valley, Israel) and the Earliest Hominids in the Levant", "Timeline in the Understanding of Neanderthals", "From 'small, dark and alive' to 'cripplingly shy': Dorothy Garrod as the first woman Professor at Cambridge", "Excavations and Surveys (University of Haifa)", "Fossil teeth place humans in Asia '20,000 years early, "The Natufian Culture in the Levant, Threshold to the Origins of Agriculture", 10.1002/(SICI)1520-6505(1998)6:5<159::AID-EVAN4>3.0.CO;2-7, "First Recorded Battle | History Channel on Foxtel", "ALPHABET, THE HEBREW - JewishEncyclopedia.com", "Chronicle Concerning the Early Years of Nebuchadnezzar II", "New Testament History – The Hasmonean kingdom", "Josephus: Antiquities of the Jews, Book XVIII". Conversely, at its death it led to the creation of the state of Israel, which would be known as Palestine for several years. Relevance. Favorite Answer . Jews in the Land of Israel from the destruction of the Temple through the Ottoman Empire. 8 Answers. Asked by Wiki User. Under British Mandate (1920–1948), the whole region was known as Palestine (Hebrew: פלשתינה [א״י] , lit. What was the land we now know as Israel called before 1948?!? While the war was at its peak, James Balfour, who was the Foreign Secretary of the United Kingdom at the time, submitted a letter that requested setting aside a part of Palestine for the Jewish nation. What happened on May 15, 1948? Q “If Israel formed in 1948, then what Israel is the Bible referring to?” Detail: I'm honestly not too keen on the whole Israel/Palestine/Gaza issue so I'm trying to break it down in a way that I understand. The history of Palestine is the study of the past in the region of Palestine, defined as a geographic region between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River (where Israel and Palestine are today), and various adjoining lands. Answer Save. What happened as a result of the War of 1948? 75–91, THE FATIMID HOLY CITY: REBUILDING JERUSALEM IN THE ELEVENTH CENTURY by JENNIFER PRUITT in "The Medieval Globe" Volume 3 Number 2, 2017 pp 41 – 43, The Jews of Spain by Jane Gerber, Free Press 1994 pp 138 - 144 / Secrecy and Deceit: The Religion of the Crypto-Jews (Hint: Trick Question)", "Whose Voice? From a reader: Before 1914 it was in the Othman Empire like the whole of Arab lands in the Middle-East. Before 1948, the people now called Palestinians lived in Egypt. The British Mandate of Palestine and Transjordan (80% of Palestine was given to the Hashemite Arabs as a reward for their help in WW-I prior to its further partisan by the UN in 1948). What was Israel called before 1948? For this reason, it’s no wonder that many people and commentators around the world refer to it as the Jewish Nation or State. What was “Israel” called before 1948? 2. In terms of land size, Israel is one of the smallest countries in Middle East. The State of Israel was declared after the end of the civil war, which was raging for six months in Palestine after the vote by the United Nation to partition Palestine between Palestinian Jews and Arabs.. It has a rich history in terms of name, establishment as a state, subjugation … What was Israel called before it became a nation? 35-48, THE FATIMID HOLY CITY: REBUILDING JERUSALEM IN THE ELEVENTH CENTURY by JENNIFER PRUITT in "The Medieval Globe" Volume 3 Number 2, 2017, "The Cairo Geniza as a Source for the History of Muslim Civilisation" by S. D. Goitein in Studia Islamica No.
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