, They continued down the coast hugging the shore to avoid the strong head current. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription.  Ponce de León was a member of this expedition, one of 200 "gentleman volunteers. He named the region ‘La Florida’ with reference to its lush floral vegetation. Ponce de Leon discovered land, gold, and slaves. The three ships in this small fleet were the Santiago, the San Cristobal and the Santa Maria de la Consolacion. See Fuson, pp. It is possible that he began his career of exploration in 1493 as part of Christopher Columbus’s second expedition to the New World. He served as the Governor of Puerto Rico from … Once they regained their bearings, the fleet retraced their route east along the Florida Keys and around the Florida peninsula, reaching Grand Bahama on 8 July.  The brevity of the account and occasional gaps in the record have led historians to speculate and dispute many details of the voyage. Ponce de Leon by: Dani. In 1506, Ponce de León discovered a nearby island named Borinquen. He returned to the Caribbean in 1515, but plans to organize an expedition to Florida were delayed by the death of King Ferdinand in 1516, after which Ponce de León again traveled to Spain to defend his grants and titles. He was instructed to extend the settlement of the island and continue mining for gold. Independence of Spanish continental Americas, Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, northernmost France, Law of coartación (which allowed slaves to buy their freedom, and that of others), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Juan_Ponce_de_León&oldid=990907998, Burials at the Cathedral of San Juan Bautista, Puerto Rico, Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles incorporating a citation from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Arnade, Charles W. (1967).  Though Fontaneda doubted that Ponce de León had really gone to Florida looking for the waters, the account was included in the Historia general de los hechos de los castellanos of Antonio de Herrera y Tordesillas of 1615. Many of the Spaniards treated the Taínos very harshly and newly introduced diseases like smallpox and measles took a severe toll on the local population. Juan Ponce de Leon, or just Ponce de Leon as he’s often called, was a Spanish explorer who became the first governor the country of Puerto Rico, and who actually discovered the state of Florida. Answer. On this occasion he was wounded by an arrow during an Indian attack, and he died after being returned to Cuba. See Fuson, pp. He continued to explore the region and amassed substantial quantities of precious metals. Ponce de León was born into a poor yet noble family in Santervás de Campos, Spain, in 1460. He became a military commander at this post and was appointed deputy governor. Ponce de León decided to follow the advice of the sympathetic King Ferdinand and explore more of the Caribbean Sea. Ponce de León was interred in Puerto Rico, and his tomb is located inside of the Cathedral of San Juan Bautista in San Juan.  A contemporary chronicler, Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo y Valdés, states that Ponce de León gained his experience as a soldier fighting in the Spanish campaigns that defeated the Moors in Granada and completed the re-conquest of Spain in 1492. He attained the permission of Ovando and ventured out on an expedition of his own.  For several years Diego Colón had been waging a legal battle over his rights to inherit the titles and privileges granted to his father. , Ponce de León was related to another notable family, the Núñez de Guzmáns, and as a young man he served as squire to Pedro Núñez de Guzmán, Knight Commander of the Order of Calatrava. Corrections? In spite of the Crown's opposition, Colón prevailed in court and Ferdinand was required to appoint him Viceroy. By the early 1500s, Ponce de León was a top military official in the colonial government of Hispaniola, where he helped crush a rebellion of the native Taíno people. He established the first European community in Puerto Rico. Juan Ponce de Leon. Sitemap. 129–131 for complete translation. Answer to: What did Juan Ponce de Leon discover? Juan Ponce de León (c. 1460 – July 1521) was a Spanish conquistador who became the first known European to discover Florida after establishing the first European settlement in Puerto Rico.He is also famous for his legendary search for the Fountain of Youth. , As provincial governor, Ponce de León had occasion to meet with the Taínos who visited his province from neighboring Puerto Rico. Ponce de Leon was born in Santervas de Campos, Spain where he started his first exploration. He became interested in sailing through his cousin, Christopher Columbus, and also was close friends with his neighbor, Vasco Da Gama, so it was no surprise that he became a world-famous explorer.In 1493 he accompanied Columbus on his second expedition to the Americas. He named the region Florida because it was discovered at Easter time (Spanish: Pascua Florida). They visited several islands before arriving at their primary destination in Hispaniola. He first came to the Americas as a "gentlema… He would be governor for life of any lands he discovered, but he was expected to finance for himself all costs of exploration and settlement. Woodrow Wilson believed Indian servants brewing a "brown tea" in Puerto Rico may have inspired Ponce de León's search for the Fountain of Youth. Tradition holds that he had learned from Indians of an island called Bimini (in the Bahamas) on which there was a miraculous spring or fountain that could rejuvenate those who drank from it (the Fountain of Youth). The large stone house Ponce de León ordered built for his growing family still stands today near the city of Salvaleón de Higüey. , The expedition was deemed a great success and Ovando appointed Ponce de León governor of San Juan Bautista. From a distance the Keys reminded Ponce de León of men who were suffering, so he named them Los Martires (the Martyrs). Juan Ponce de Leon was an important explorer. , Ponce de León prospered in this new role. His Route. , On 14 June they set sail again looking for a chain of islands in the west that had been described by their captives. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. At the time he did not realize that he was on the mainland of North America and instead supposed he had landed on an island. 92–95 or Lawson, pp. The exact landing spot where Ponce and his men came ashore remains unknown, but it was apparently somewhere between the Cape Canaveral area and the mouth of the St. Johns River. In addition to the usual directions for sharing gold and other valuables with the king, the contract was one of the first to stipulate that the Requerimiento was to be read to the inhabitants of the islands prior to their conquest. Ponce de León received a substantial land grant which authorized sufficient Indian slave labor to farm his new estate. In Puerto Rico, De Leon forced the natives to be slaved and started a successful operation.  On 4 June, there was another encounter with natives near Sanibel Island and the Calusa in war canoes, with the Spanish sinking a fourth of them. Juan Ponce de Leon was a Spanish explorer who founded the oldest settlement in Puerto Rico and later discovered Florida in 1513 while searching for the mythical fountain of youth. , Back on his island, Ponce de León parceled out the native Taínos amongst himself and other settlers using a system of forced labor known as encomienda. In 1521, Ponce de León finally returned to southwest Florida with the first large-scale attempt to establish a Spanish colony in what is now the continental United States. Sandra Wallus Sammons, Ponce de Leon and the Discovery of Florida (Sarasota: Pineapple Press, Inc., 2013), 17. His relatives included Rodrigo Ponce de León, Marquis of Cádiz, a celebrated figure in the Moorish wars. In 1512, the king stripped Ponce de Leon of his governor title but granted him permission to discover and settle the island of Bimini. The Spanish crown encouraged Ponce de León to continue searching for new lands. In 1505 Ovando authorized Ponce de León to establish a new town in Higüey, which he named Salvaleón. Blacksburg, VA: … He was born in Santervás de Campos, Valladolid, Spain in 1474. 1474: born in San Servas, Spain.Ponce de Leon came from a Spanish family and learned several languages and learned physics, geometry, mathematics and astronomy. Earlier, he accompanied Christopher Columbus on his second voyage to the New World. He was buried in Puerto Rico, in the crypt of San José Church from 1559 to 1836, when his remains were exhumed and transferred to the Cathedral of San Juan Bautista. There he was knighted, and given a personal coat of arms, becoming the first conquistador to receive these honors. He found a ready market for his farm produce and livestock at nearby Boca de Yuma where Spanish ships stocked supplies before the long voyage back to Spain. He served as a page at the court of Aragon, where he learned social skills, religion and military tactics. There he was wounded by an arrow during an Indian attack, and he died after being returned to Cuba. He named the region Florida because it was discovered at Easter time (Spanish: Pascua Florida) and because it abounded in lush, florid vegetation. The Ponce de León lineage began with Ponce Vélaz de Cabrera, descendant of count Bermudo Núñez, and Sancha Ponce de Cabrera, daughter of Ponce Giraldo de Cabrera. The arrow that killed Ponce de Leon was poisoned with the sap of the manchineel tree. Ponce de León was mortally wounded in the skirmish when, historians believe, an arrow poisoned with the sap of the manchineel tree struck his thigh. , His earlier exploration had confirmed the presence of gold and gave him a good understanding of the geography of the island. Early Years "Who Was Juan Ponce de León? , Once the war against the Emirate of Granada ended, there was no apparent need for his military services at home, so, like many of his contemporaries, Ponce de León looked abroad for his next opportunity. Top Answer. By early 1509 Ponce de León decided to return to Hispaniola. On 27 March, Easter Sunday, they sighted an island that was unfamiliar to the sailors on the expedition. , During his stay in Spain, a new contract was drawn up for Ponce de León confirming his rights to settle and govern Bimini and Florida, which was then presumed to be an island. After leaving Puerto Rico, they sailed northwest along the great chain of Bahama Islands, known then as the Lucayos. Omissions? Some historians believe it occurred at or near St. Augustine; others prefer a more southern landing at a small harbor now called Ponce de León Inlet; but some also believe that Ponce came ashore even farther south near the present location of Melbourne Beach, a theory that has been criticized by some scholars in recent years. The other ship, after further explorations returned safely on 20 February, 1514.. Instead he found these amazing things. He did not find the Fountain of Youth. , The contract stipulated that Ponce de León held exclusive rights to the discovery of Benimy and neighboring islands for the next three years. In April, the Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de Leon landed while searching for the fabled isle of Bimini.  Juan Ponce de Leon was appointed as the governor of San J… The tiniest ship, the San Cristobal, was carried out of sight and lost for two days. This was the first encounter with the Gulf Stream where it reaches maximum force between the Florida coast and the Bahamas. For other uses, see, 16th-century Spanish explorer and conquistador, 17th century engraving of Ponce de León (unauthenticated), John J. Browne Ayes, "Juan Ponce de León, the new and revised genealogy",2012 (take into account that, even though this book is backed by 15 years of research with documents and DNA, and is detailed, the author is not a geneticist). Juan Ponce de León, (born 1460?, Santervás de Campos, Valladolid, León [Spain]—died 1521, Havana, Cuba), Spanish explorer who founded the first European settlement on Puerto Rico and who is credited with being the first European to reach Florida (1513). Juan Ponce de Leon: Home; Setting Out. Catedral Metropolitana Basílica de San Juan Bautista, Guana Tolomato Matanzas National Estuarine Research Reserve, "The Caribbean World of Juan Ponce de León and His Discovery of Florida", "The Myth of Ponce de León and the Fountain of Youth", "Naming barrier island would honor state find", "Ponce de Leon's Second Voyage and Attempt to Colonize Florida", Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography, Yale University Genocide Studies on Puerto Rico. Endnotes. Juan Ponce de León was born in San Servas, Spain.  Other scholars have speculated that this island was one of the northern Bahama islands, perhaps Great Abaco. , After remaining in the area of their first landing for about five days, the ships turned south for further exploration of the coast.  This sighting was recorded at noon the day before with either a quadrant or a mariner's astrolabe, and the expedition sailed north for the remainder of the day before anchoring for the night and rowing ashore the following morning. Ovando rewarded his victorious commander by appointing him frontier governor of the newly conquered province, then named Higüey also. He then returned to Puerto Rico and thence to Spain, where he secured the title in 1514 of military governor of Bimini and Florida with permission to colonize those regions. Ponce de León tasked the Santa Maria with further exploration while he returned home with the rest of crew. He received an education in fighting skills, manners, and religion while serving a knight named Pedro Nunez de Guzman, and later helped in the ten-year conquest of the Muslim kingdom of Granadain southern Spain. Near present-day St. Augustine, Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León comes ashore on the Florida coast, and claims the territory for the Spanish crown.. …  Here Ponce de León anchored for several days to take on water and repair the ships.  The latitude coordinate recorded in the ship's log closest to the landing site, reported by Herrera (who had the original logbook) in 1601, was 30 degrees, 8 minutes. Ponce de Leon’s name is forever linked with the very famous Fountain of Youth legend, which was thought to be located in Florida. Juan Ponce de Leon was born on December 3, 1460 in Sines, Germany. Pinzón did not fulfill his commission and it expired in 1507, leaving the way clear for Ponce de León.  The surname Ponce de León dates from the 13th century. Ponce De Leon was the first European to discover Florida. Most historians hold that the search for gold and the expansion of the Spanish Empire were far more imperative than any potential search for such a fountain.. , Rumors of undiscovered islands to the northwest of Hispaniola had reached Spain by 1511, and Ferdinand was interested in forestalling further exploration and discovery by Colón. Born into a noble family, Ponce de León was a page in the royal court of Aragon and later fought in a campaign against the Moors in Granada. He made two trips to Florida: one in 1513 and the second in 1521. Failing to take into account the powerful currents pushing them eastward, they struck the northeast shore of Cuba and were initially confused about their location.. Colón used the attack as a pretext for renewing hostilities against the local Taíno tribes. In 1504, when Tainos overran a small Spanish garrison in Higüey on the island's eastern side, Ovando assigned Ponce de León to crush the rebellion. He then returned to Hispaniola and was named governor of Puerto Rico but was soon displaced from the governorship through the political maneuvering of rivals. His expedition had collected a good quantity of the precious metal but was running low on food and supplies. Many people associate the 16th-century Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León with the mythical Fountain of Youth. In 1508 King Ferdinand (Queen Isabella having opposed the exploitation of natives but dying in 1504) authorized Ponce de León to conquer the remaining Taínos and exploit them in gold mining. Notably, there was no mention of a rejuvenating fountain.. In 1502 he was in the West Indies as a captain serving under Nicolás de Ovando, governor of Hispaniola. Learn more about Florida and its geography, people, economy, and history. 103–115 for complete Herrera account.  The Indians were put to work growing food crops and mining for gold. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In 1513, Ponce de León led the first known European expedition to La Florida, which he named during his first voyage to the area.  Finally, on 28 November, 1511, Ceron returned from Spain and was officially reinstated as governor. , Before the settlement could be established, the colonists were attacked by the Calusa, the indigenous people who dominated southern Florida and whose principal town was nearby. Conquistadors. At Sea . Juan Ponce de León. Another piece of evidence that others came before Ponce de León is the Cantino Map from 1502, which shows a peninsula near Cuba that looks like Florida's and includes characteristic place names. Choose from 168 different sets of Juan Ponce de Leon flashcards on Quizlet. In April 1513 he landed on the coast of Florida at a site between Saint Augustine and Melbourne Beach. This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 05:26. Ponce de Leon was the first European to discover the Gulf Stream (a powerful current in the Atlantic Ocean) during his 1512 expedition. After a long court battle, Columbus replaced Ponce de León as governor in 1511. Asked by Wiki User. Although the courts had ordered that Ponce de León should remain in office, Colón circumvented this directive on 28 October, 1509 by appointing Juan Ceron chief justice and Miguel Diaz chief constable of the island, effectively overriding the authority of the governor. On no occasion did Ponce de Leon personally set off through the swamps and forests of Florida deliberately seeking the Fountain of Youth. There was one engagement in Guadeloupe on his return to the area and possibly two or three other encounters. Ponce de León equipped three ships with at least 200 men at his own expense and set out from Puerto Rico on 4 March, 1513. ", Davis, T. Frederick. He was the very first European to discover and explore Florida.  There they captured giant sea turtles, Caribbean monk seals, and thousands of seabirds. Because many Spanish seamen were acquainted with the Bahamas, which had been depopulated by slaving ventures, some scholars believe that this "island" was actually Florida, as it was thought to be an island for several years after its formal discovery. Thus, Ovando authorized the Jaragua massacre in November 1503. Though in popular culture he was supposedly searching for the Fountain of Youth, there is no contemporary evidence to support the story, which all modern historians call a myth.. He and his family settled on an island in the Caribbean named Hispaniola (Dominican Republic). Datzman, Ken.  This situation prevailed until 2 March, 1510, when Ferdinand issued orders reaffirming Ponce de León's position as governor. This expedition, consisting of about 50 men in one ship, left Hispaniola on 12 July, 1508 and eventually anchored in San Juan Bay, near today's city of San Juan. 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